Physical therapy or physiotherapy involves the treatment of diseases, disabilities, and disorders by evaluating, diagnosing, and treating the diseases using physical treatments. For the treatment of different types of disabilities and diseases, various types of equipment are used by physical therapists. This equipment is known as physiotherapy equipment. Most of this equipment and machines are mainly used to complete daily tasks easily and painlessly. Various types of therapies are used to heal different parts of the body.
Different Types of Physiotherapy Equipment
A therapist may require various kinds of machines and equipment to treat different types of disabilities. Some of the most important types of equipment used by physical therapists are elaborated below.
Exercise is one of the most common and widely known varieties of physical therapy. Different types of exercise equipment are used by therapists to heal bone and muscle disorders and disabilities. Treadmills, exercise bikes, pedal exercisers, or elliptical trainers are some of the most common types of physiotherapy equipment used in most therapy clinics and hospitals.
Another type of exercise equipment includes the Upper Body Ergometer (UBE). It is quite similar to the stationary bikes in appearance. The UBE is mainly used to heal and strengthen the upper body, shoulders, and arms. Stationary bikes are mainly used to strengthen the legs.
Balance ball and chair
One of the most useful varieties of physical therapy equipment includes the balance ball chair which is quite essential to patients exercising with the balance ball. It helps to keep the body and spine in proper alignment while performing exercises. This ergonomically designed chair helps to prevent muscle strains while exercising with the balance ball.
Physiotherapy equipment also includes a mini portable trampoline which is quite essential for patients during therapy sessions. One of the greatest advantages of the portable trampoline is its adjustable inclines. It can be adjusted according to the requirements of the patients. It is mainly used to strengthen the muscles of the legs and helps patients with leg injuries.
Various mobility equipment is also used in physical therapy treatments. These physiotherapy equipment are used to improve mobility, strength, balance, and coordination. A staircase trainer is one of the most important mobility equipment used in physical therapies. It helps to regain strength and mobility of the lower part of the body. Parallel bars are also used in physical therapies to improve strength and range of motion.
Hot and cold therapy equipment
Physiotherapy also includes hot and cold therapy to relieve pain from inflammation and arthritis. It also improves post-surgical recoveries. Standing and sitting whirlpools are used in these therapies to heal and strengthen the limbs. Heating pads are used to relieve pain. Cold compressors, which are available in the form of wraps, help to reduce swelling of the elbows and knees.
Apart from the above-mentioned equipment, various other types of equipment and machines are also used in physical therapies. TENS or the Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation machine, laser machines, and Ultrasound machines are the other most important equipment used by physical therapists to relieve chronic pain.